Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) First Aid Training is a life saving method useful in many difficulties. It includes a heart attack or near drowning. These are not for newborns. CPR can keep blood containing oxygen flowing to the brain and other organs. Until the better treatment can restore a normal heartbeat. The lack of blood containing oxygen can cause brain damage in only a few minutes. A person may die within eight to 10 minutes. Take CPR First Aid Training from our authorized cpr first aid training institute. The institute has to deliver CPR first aid training. The below advice apply to adults, children, and infants needing CPR.
CPR First Aid Training
CPR First Aid Training Performed by Untrained
Just provide hands for CPR. It means to do chest compression without any break of 100 to 120 a minute until trainer arrives. You do not need to try rescue breathing.
CPR First Aid Training Performed Training By Trained and ready to go
Check the pulse and breathing. If there is no pulse and breathing then start chest compression within 10 seconds. Start CPR with 30 chest compression before giving two rescue breaths.
Trained but rusty
Just start chest compressions if you do have training and no confidence.
Before you begin CPR
Before starting CPR, check:
1. Is the environment safe for the person?
2. Is the person aware or unaware?
3. The person appears unaware. Tap or shake his or her shoulder and ask loudly, "Are you OK?"
4. The person does not respond and two people are available. One person will call for help and get the AED. If one is available then have the other person begin CPR.
5. If you are alone and have immediate access to a telephone. Call for help before beginning CPR. If one is available then get the AED.
6. As soon as an AED is available. Deliver one shock and begin CPR.
Remember to spell C.A.B.
The American Heart Association uses the letters C.A.B. It stands for compressions, airway, and breathing. It helps people to remember the order to perform the steps of CPR.
Compressions: Restore blood circulation
1. Put the person on his or her back on a firm surface.
2. Kneel next to the person's neck and shoulders.
3. Place the heel of one hand over the center of the person's chest between the nipples. Place your other hand on top of the first hand. Keep your elbows straight and position your shoulders directly above your hands.
4. Use your upper body weight as you push straight down on the chest at least 2 inches. It should not greater than 2.4 inches. Push hard at a rate of 100 to 120 compressions a minute.
5. If you do not have training then does chest compressions. If you have training in CPR then goes on to opening the airway and rescue breathing.
Airway: Open the airway
If you have CPR First Aid Training and you have performed 30 chest compressions. Open the person's airway using the head-tilt and chin-lift trick. Put your palm on the person's forehead and gently make a slope of the head back. Then with the other hand, gently lift the chin forward to open the airway.
Breathing: Breathe for the person
Rescue breathing means mouth to mouth breathing and mouth to nose breathing.
1. With the airway open, squeeze the nostrils shut for the mouth to mouth breathing. Then cover the person's mouth with yours and make a seal.
2. Prepare to give two rescue breaths. Give the first rescue breath and watch to see if the chest rises. If it does rise then give the second breath. Otherwise repeat the head-tilt, chin-lift trick and then give the second breath. There is one cycle after thirty compressions and two rescue breath. Be careful not to provide too many breaths or to breathe with too much force.
3. Start again chest compressions to stable the cycle.
4. Continue CPR until there are signs of movement or trainer take over.
To perform CPR on a child
The procedure for giving CPR to a child age 1 to younger is the same as that for an adult.
To perform CPR on a baby
Most heart problem arrests in babies occur from lack of oxygen. It may be as from drowning or choking. If you know the baby has an airway block then performs first aid for choking. If you do not know why the baby is not breathing then perform CPR. Before starting it examine the situation. Stroke the baby and watch for a response. Do not shake the baby. If there is no response then follows the C.A.B procedures below for a baby under age 1 and time the call for help as follows:
• If you are the only rescuer and you did not see the baby falling then do CPR for two minutes. Do about five cycles before calling any helpline. If you did see the baby falling then call for help.
• If another person is available then that person calls for help. At that time you attend to the baby.
Compressions: Restore blood circulation
1. Place the baby on his or her back on a firm, flat surface like on the table. The floor or ground also will do.
2. Imagine a straight line between the nipples of the baby. Place two fingers of one hand just below this line. The fingers are in the center of the chest.
3. With the help of fingers. Softly firm down the chest about 1.5 inches.
4. Count aloud as you pump in a fairly rapid rhythm. You should pump at a rate of 100 to 120 compressions a minute.
Airway: Open the airway
• After 30 compressions. Softly tip the head back by lifting the chin with one hand and pushing down on the forehead with the other hand.
Breathing: Breath for the baby
1. Cover the baby's mouth and nose with your mouth.
2. Prepare to give two rescue breaths. Use the strength of your cheeks to deliver soft breathes of air to slowly breathe into the baby's mouth one time. Taking one second for the breath. Watch to see if the baby's chest rises. If it does then give a second rescue breath. If the chest does not rise then repeat the head-tilt, chin-lift trick and then give the second breath.
3. If the baby's chest still does not rise then continue chest compressions.
4. Give two breaths after every 30 chest compressions. If two people are conducting CPR then give two breaths after every 15 chest compressions.
5. Perform CPR for about two minutes before calling for help. Unless someone else can make the call while you attend to the infant.
6. Continue CPR until you see signs of life or until trainer arrives.