Do you perform CPR when someone has a heart attack?
First aid for heart attack and CPR, There are about thousands of people suffer from heart attack. All the people get attacks outside the hospital. A report shows that only one patient can survive out of ten people.
What percent of heart attack are fatal
A heart attack can affect anyone at any time so every should know first Aid for heart attack and CPR. It can happen to young children at school may attack to young people at home or work. It may affect in public places. The heart attack is death taking attack without taking quick actions. The chance of living will go down from 6% to 74%. It is very much serious if not taking sudden actions within 3 minutes to use defibrillator.
A message from Restart a Heart day is to learn how to save a life. There is less chances of heart to be stable without CPR. It is better to do something to save someone’s life. You can save the life of a patient by doing CPR and using a defibrillator. It helps the patient to survive before any serious help. The chances of saving a life without defibrillator are 6%. If the patient is in shock then there is less chance to save life. It increases the ratio from 6% to 74% to death.
There are thousands of young people getting training on first Aid for heart attack. There is a report that 195,000 young people got training on Restart a Heart Day. It will go to be increase in coming days. There is an aim of organizations to increase the number of CPR trainers regarding first Aid for heart attack .
A defibrillator is an automatic device. It can easily use by anyone in public. It is using to take the heart back into its normal rhythm during heart attack. The chance of living becomes less to 10% without using CPR and defibrillation. So everyone should take training for first Aid for heart attack and cpr.
It can help in having difference between life and death. It is important to know how to use this. If the patient does not need defibrillator then it is good for you that you don’t know how to use it.
Awareness saves lives
It is compulsory to know how to reply helper. The countries with better devices to take actions against heart attack have fewer rates. The good news is public awareness of defibrillators. It is very much growing now a day.
There are number of defibrillators in stores to help the people. The store owners support their employees to get training on it. It is also installing in bus stations, train stations, and theme parks as well. It is also going to be installing in villages. These are on old phone boxes and on the wall of the village hall. It helps the villagers to use it before going to city for treatment.
There are different organizations connecting to do some work on public awareness. Their aim is to giving training on defibrillator. They are trying to set a map of defibrillator locations. It helps the public to get easily access through Google map etc.
They are trying to change phone boxes into defibrillator center in villages and towns. They are using special sign post of defibrillators to aware the entire world.
Defibrillators in sport
It is compulsory to have defibrillator in every game. There can be a misshapen in sports like football, cricket, rugby, hockey etc. It helps the player to survive.
The sports families are trying to install defibrillator freely in sports grounds. A report shows that 90% of sudden heart attack in young players happens during the game. It happens to those who have already heart problems and get this three times more to get heart attack.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR): First aid
It is essential to know how to reply if someone gets heart attack and breathing less.
Follow these simple steps to save a life:
Before you begin CPR
Before starting CPR, check:
- Is the environment safe for the person?
- Is the person aware or unaware?
- The person appears unaware. Tap or shake his or her shoulder and ask loudly, “Are you OK?”
- The person does not respond and two people are available. One person will call for help and get the AED. If one is available then have the other person begin CPR.
- If you are alone and have immediate access to a telephone. Call for help before beginning CPR. If one is available then get the AED.
- As soon as an AED is available. Deliver one shock and begin CPR.
Remember to spell C.A.B
The American Heart Association uses the letters C.A.B. It stands for compressions, airway, and breathing. It helps people to remember the order to perform the steps of CPR.
Compressions: Restore blood circulation
- Put the person on his or her back on a firm surface.
- Kneel next to the person’s neck and shoulders.
- Place the heel of one hand over the center of the person’s chest between the nipples. Place your other hand on top of the first hand. Keep your elbows straight and position your shoulders directly above your hands.
- Use your upper body weight as you push straight down on the chest at least 2 inches. It should not greater than 2.4 inches. Push hard at a rate of 100 to 120 compressions a minute.
- If you do not have training then does chest compressions. If you have training in CPR then goes on to opening the airway and rescue breathing.
Airway: Open the airway
If you have training on CPR and you have performed 30 chest compressions. Open the person’s airway using the head-tilt and chin-lift trick. Put your palm on the person’s forehead and gently make a slope of the head back. Then with the other hand, gently lift the chin forward to open the airway.
Breathing: Breathe for the person
Here explain about First aid for heart attack, rescue breathing means mouth to mouth breathing and mouth to nose breathing.
- With the airway open, squeeze the nostrils shut for mouth to mouth breathing. Then cover the person’s mouth with yours and make a seal.
- Prepare to give two rescue breaths. Give the first rescue breath and watch to see if the chest rises. If it does rise then give the second breath. Otherwise repeat the head-tilt, chin-lift trick and then give the second breath. There is one cycle after thirty compression and two rescue breath. Be careful not to provide too many breaths or to breathe with too much force.
- Start again chest compression to stable the cycle.
- Continue CPR until there are signs of movement or trainer take over when Heart Attack.